Open CSV File

Information, tips and instructions

Convert TSV to XML using Excel

CSV files store data in comma separated values format. Data in CSV files is textual and tabled.

XML or Extensible Markup Language is also used to store structured data but the structure of the stored data could be more complex than a basic table. Thus, converting from CSV to XML is relatively straightforward since you will be converting data to a format which can store more complex structures.

For conversion we can assume that a XML file will represent CSV data as an <entry> tag, where each <entry> entity will be a CSV line. We will also assume that first line of CSV file contains field names and other lines contain data entries for these fields. Thus each entity in the XML tag will contain mapped field names to values of the specific CSV line.

Let’s proceed with an example of a CSV file.

Name  Age  Gender
John  30  Male
Melissa  25  Female
Alan  42  Male
Chelsey  40  Female

As a first step open this file in Microsoft Excel. You should get the following representation.

ABC
1NameAgeGender
2John30Male
3Melissa25Female
4Alan42Male
5Chelsey40Female

Now place the following formula in the column D starting from the second row: =CONCAT("<entry><",A1, ">", A2, "</", A1, "><",B1, ">", B2, "</", B1, "><",C1, ">", C2, "</", C1, ">")

You should get <entry><Name>John</Name><Age>30</Age><Gender>Male</Gender></CODE> line as a result of this formula. Copy this formula to all the other rows in column D (to quickly copy it, select the D2 cell and click on a small rectangular section at the right bottom conrner of the cell border). Once you copy you will get following lines in column D.

<entry><Name>John</Name><Age>30</Age><Gender>Male</Gender></entry>
<entry><Name>Melissa</Name><Age>25</Age><Gender>Female</Gender></entry>
<entry><Name>Alan</Name><Age>42</Age><Gender>Male</Gender></entry>
<entry><Name>Chelsey</Name><Age>40</Age><Gender>Male</Gender></entry>

To make it fully compliant XML file add <entries> at the beginning and </entries> at the end of the file. Also, add the XML file header at the beginning as shown below.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<entries>
<entry><Name>John</Name><Age>30</Age><Gender>Male</Gender></entry>
<entry><Name>Melissa</Name><Age>25</Age><Gender>Female</Gender></entry>
<entry><Name>Alan</Name><Age>42</Age><Gender>Male</Gender></entry>
<entry><Name>Chelsey</Name><Age>40</Age><Gender>Male</Gender></entry>
</entries>

You can run about XML file through XML beautifier online and get a better looking version as shown below.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<entries>
   <entry>
      <Name>John</Name>
      <Age>30</Age>
      <Gender>Male</Gender>
   </entry>
   <entry>
      <Name>Melissa</Name>
      <Age>25</Age>
      <Gender>Female</Gender>
   </entry>
   <entry>
      <Name>Alan</Name>
      <Age>42</Age>
      <Gender>Male</Gender>
   </entry>
   <entry>
      <Name>Chelsey</Name>
      <Age>40</Age>
      <Gender>Male</Gender>
   </entry>
</entries>

Your XML file is ready!